After an early start from Nizwa, we headed straight to the entrance of the old town of Al Hamra. First driving around and above the old part of the town with a sea of palm trees, we parked at a roundabout where several women were washing clothes in the falaj. A large, square adobe building, with green shutters, partly lying in ruins, was our first encounter with the houses typical of Al Hamra, at the feet of Hajjar Mountains. The house proved partly open, and we could see the old wooden beams of the ceilings, niches in the walls, wooden doors, both in- and outside. We walked the street parallel to the falaj running through the entrances of houses; here, too, we found several women doing laundry in the water in the falaj.
From this main street, many smaller streets run up the hill, and we picked one of them to walk up the hill. Here, the streets were still spaces with rocks and mud between the adobe houses. We noticed that most houses had two stories, and that the ground floors only had a door and one window, while the upper level often had rows of windows with wooden shutters. In some houses, we discovered live stock: mostly goats, sometimes a donkey. Many of the houses appeared abandoned, but some of them still had inhabitants. Actually, Al Hamra was established in the 17th century during the Ya'arubi dynasty, and in the 1970s, the inhabitants of Al Hamra managed to make Sultan Qaboos build a new part of Al Hamra where most people moved.
Nowadays, the new part of Al Hamra is pretty extended and spacious, a complete constrast with the old part of the town which is all compactly built. While some of the houses are in ruins, entering them reveals not only the way in which the houses were once decorated and organized, but also how well the adobe structures were able to provide a kind of natural air conditioning. When we reached the upper limits of the old town of Al Hamra, we came across a crumbling watchtower, a square, and some houses that looked newer. In one of them, a lone old man gestured us in and invited us to a cup of coffee. After a short conversation, we started walking down again, were invited in again, but declined, and as the sun was getting higher, realized it was time to leave Al Hamra on our way to Jebel Shams. We drove up to the ridge from where we had a last view over the old town of Al Hamra before continuing to new adventures in the mountains.
Around the World in 80 Clicks
Personal travel impressions both in words and images from Hamra Old Town (Oman). Clicking on the pictures enlarges them and enables you to send the picture as a free e-card or download it for personal use, for instance, on your weblog. Or click on the map above to visit more places close to Hamra Old Town. Read more about this site.