Ever since I heard about the Baths of Diocletian, I very much wanted to see them. I once passed by on a rainy day, but for some reason, the magnitude escaped me. On this sunny day in early spring in the Italian capital, I was on my way to the erstwhile bathing complex, determined to explore it further. When I reached the Piazza della Repubblica, with its fountain right in the middle, and the hectic Roman traffic speeding by, my eyes were drawn to the opposite side of the street, where I discovered old, sturdy walls of brick. Coming closer, I noticed the entrance to a seemingly small church, the Santa Maria degli Angeli e dei Martiri, built right into the ruins of the old walls of the baths. Unfortunately, the grounds next to the church were closed, so I wet into the church itself. I could not directly see remains of the baths here, even though old plans of the baths indicate that it is constructed where once the calidarium, tepidarium, and frigidarium were - I supposed the basement might hold remains of those structures.
Leaving the church on the backside took me back to the Roman baths, a small patio made clear how the old, thick walls were integrated and used for making the church. Pope Pio IV commissioned the church in 1561, and it is said that the great Michelangelo designed at the very end of his life - he would die in 1564. Entering the street again, I saw more enormously thick walls, cut through by roads on which traffic flowed by. It was one more reminder of how the modern city of Rome is sometimes seamlessly integrated with its rich ancient history. Here, too, the grounds were off limits, but climbing to the fence around it, I could see what I imagined were finds of archeologists working the grounds: remains of columns and other artefacts. While the walls we now see are impressive in themselves, it is said that the Baths of Diocletian were once beautifully decorated both in- and outside. From here, I walked to the famous Aula Ottagona, once the planetarium of the Diocletian complex and now turned into a museum. I had hoped to enter, just to get an idea of the inside of the great Terme di Diocleziano or Diocletian Baths, but the building appeared closed, so I decided to walk around the complex in search of more proof of the baths.
Walking where once the gymnasium was - apart from baths that could accommodate 3,000 persons at any one time, the Baths of Diocletian comprised pools, a planetarium, libraries, concert halls, gardens, and exhibition halls - I finally reached the entrance of the national museum, which is built inside the complex of Diocletian. The small park right in front of it, full of broken sarcophagi, columns, busts, and other classical artifacts, and a charming little fountain in the middle, was inviting enough, and after getting a ticket, I finally walked inside the complex proper. I directly went to the Aula X, an exhibition room of the museum in one of the enormous halls of the Baths of Diocletian. I felt dwarfed by the space, in which I saw three ancient tombs on display, among other things. Behind, I saw workmen busy with other parts of the ruins - hopefully, it will be possible to visit more of the old baths in the future. For now, I was happy to go to the pretty cloister that is attributed to Michelangelo, even though probably built by someone else. An interesting fountain in the middle with statues of 8 animals, the cloister has colonnaded arched hallways in a square around it, flowers and trees in the middle, and is a great place for a quiet moment in the busy city. After visiting the museum, I went to where once a cylindrical tower stood on the southwest corner of the Diocletian Baths complex, and where now the circular church of San Bernardo alle Terme has been built. Walking and enjoying the former complex ground had taken me hours. As in other parts in Rome, part of the fun of enjoying these historic sights lies in using your imagination.
Personal travel impressions both in words and images from Baths of Diocletian (Italy). Clicking on the pictures enlarges them and enables you to send the picture as a free e-card or download it for personal use, for instance, on your weblog. Or click on the map above to visit more places close to Baths of Diocletian.
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